Saturday, August 27, 2022

Disney and Gender

All Animated Feature Films (Dec 1937- Dec 2019)

 All theatrically released animated Disney feature films (released under Pixar Animation Studios, DisneyToon Studios, ImageMovers Digital, Skellington Productions, Walt Disney Animation, Walt Disney Television Animation), excluding films that included a lot of live action, straight to video films that had a limited theater or international premier only, shorts, Disney package films, and films not produced by Disney but distributed under the Disney label.  


Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs December 21, 1937 Snow White
Pinocchio February 7,
Dumbo October 23,
Bambi August 13,
Cinderella February 15, 1950 Cinderella
Alice in Wonderland July 28, 1951 Alice
Peter Pan February 5,
Peter Pan
Lady and the Tramp June 22, 1955 Lady / Tramp
Sleeping Beauty January 29,
One Hundred and One Dalmatians January 25,
The Sword in the Stone December 25, 1963 Arthur
The Jungle Book October 18,
The Aristocats December 24, 1970 Duchess / Thomas O'Malley
Robin Hood November 8,
Robin Hood
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh March 11,
Winnie the Pooh
The Rescuers June 22, 1977 Bernard / Bianca
The Fox and the Hound July 10, 1981 Tod / Copper
The Black Cauldron July 24, 1985 Taran
The Great Mouse Detective July 2, 1986 Basil
Oliver & Company November 18, 1988 Oliver
The Little Mermaid November 17, 1989 Ariel
DuckTales the Movie August 3,
Scrooge McDuck/Gene
The Rescuers Down Under November 16, 1990 Bernard / Bianca
Beauty and the Beast November 22, 1991 Belle
Aladdin November 25, 1992 Aladdin
The Nightmare Before Christmas October 29,
Jack Skeleton
The Lion King June 24, 1994 Simba
A Goofy Movie April 7, 1995 Goofy / Max
Pocahontas June 23, 1995 Pocahontas
Toy Story November 22, 1995 Woody
James and the Giant Peach April 12,
The Hunchback of Notre Dame June 21, 1996 Quasimodo
Hercules June 27, 1997 Hercules
Mulan June 19, 1998 Mulan
A Bug's Life November 25, 1998 Flik
Doug's 1st Movie March 26,
Tarzan June 18, 1999 Tarzan
Toy Story 2 November 24, 1999 Woody
The Tigger Movie February 11,
Dinosaur May 19, 2000 Aladar
The Emperor's New Groove December 15, 2000 Pacha / Kuzco
Recess: School's Out February 16,
Atlantis: The Lost Empire June 15, 2001 Milo
Monsters, Inc. November 2,
James Sullivan
Return to Never Land February 15,
Lilo & Stitch June 21, 2002 Lilo / Stitch
Treasure Planet November 27, 2002 Jim Hawkins
The Jungle Book 2 February 14,
Piglet's Big Movie March 21,
Finding Nemo May 30, 2003 Marlin
Brother Bear November 1,
Teacher's Pet January 16,
Home on the Range April 2, 2004 Grace / Maggie / Mrs. Caloway
The Incredibles November 5,
 Mr. Incredible
Pooh's Heffalump Movie February 11, 2005 Winnie the Pooh
Chicken Little November 4, 2005 Chicken Little
The Wild April 14, 2006 Samson
Cars June 9, 2006 Lightning McQueen
Meet the Robinsons March 30,
Ratatouille June 29, 2007 Remy
WALL-E June 27, 2008 Wall-E
Bolt November 28, 2008 Bolt
Up May 29, 2009 Carl
A Christmas Carol  November 6, 2009 Scrooge
The Princess and the Frog December 11, 2009 Tiana
Toy Story 3 June 18, 2010 Woody
Tangled November 24, 2010 Rapunzel
Mars Needs Moms  March 11,
Cars 2 June 24, 2011 Matar / Lightning McQueen
Winnie the Pooh July 15, 2011 Winnie the Pooh
Brave June 22, 2012 Merida
Frankenweenie October 5,
Wreck-It Ralph November 2,
Wreck-it Ralph
Monsters University June 21, 2013  Mike Wazowski
Planes August 9,
Frozen November 27, 2013 Anna
Planes: Fire & Rescue July 18, 2014 Dusty
Big Hero 6 November 7,
Inside Out June 19, 2015 Joy (Riley)
The Good Dinosaur November 25, 2015 Arlo
Zootopia  March 4,
Judy Hopps
Finding DoryJune 7, 2016Dory
MoanaNovember 23, 2016Moana
Cars 3May 23, 2017Lightning McQueen
CocoOctober 20,
Incredibles 2June 5, 2018Mr. Incredible/ 
Ralph Breaks the InternetNovember 21,
Ralph / Vanellope
Toy Story 4June 11, 2019Woody
The Lion KingJuly 19,
Frozen 2November 7,
Anna / Elsa

Male/Female Co-Protagonists:

 7/89 animated films feature a male and female duo as co-protagonists. This means that 26/89 of the films have a female primary protagonist. That's 29.21% of all films.

pictures of the seven films from the chart above that feature male/female co-protagonists.

Female Characters

19/89 movies have a sole female protagonist (no male co-protagonist). That's 21.34% of Disney animated feature films.

Of these 19 films, 13 (68.42% of those films) star a character who is a royal, whose love interest is royalty, or who is actively marketed as part of the Disney Princess line. All of these 13 films feature a woman in her mid teens to early twenties.

(Pocahontas, Mulan, and Moana have had coronations and are marketed as part of the Disney Princess line. Pocohontas and Moana are chieftain's daughters. Mulan is not a princesses in any sense, and follows very few of the fairy-tale/princess tropes that are common within these films.)

When including any Disney film with a female primary protagonists (including those who are co-protagonists to a male main character) 50% of all female protagonists are royalty or marketed as a  Disney Princess.

That means that there are only 12 films with a female primary protagonist that isn't a princesses or marketed as part of the Disney Princess Line, and only 6 films without royals or a male co-protagonist.

image showing 6 movies that star female characters who aren't Princesses.

It's also worth noting that when looking at all 12 films, the majority of those films star a female animal. There are 4 films staring a human, 5 if we include the human emotion of Inside Out. And only one of those 12 films stars an adult human woman.

Male Characters:

63/89 films star solely male primary protagonists. That is 70.78% of all animated Disney feature films. Including movies with a male and female co-protagonist 78.65% of Disney films star a male primary protagonist.

Out of these 63 films, 11 star a royal or a man whose love interest is royalty (Arthur, Robin Hood, Taran, Aladdin, Jack, Simba, Hercules, Flik, Kuzco, Milo, Simba). That is only 17.46% of all films staring only a male primary protagonist. When including all films with a male primary protagonist (including those with a female co-protagonist) only 15.71% of films feature a royal or a man whose love interest is royalty.

Wikipedia and The Animated Movie Guide by Jerry Beck were refrenced to compile this list. All images owned by Disney.

Final Note: What constitutes a primary protagonist or co-protagonist might be something people will debate. Many films contain strong secondary protagonists. Though Flynn Rider has his own story-arch, he is the supporting character to Rapunzel. I didn’t use the term co-protagonist lightly and looked to which character’s wants, needs, and story took priority.


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